Global Resources

How to Guide: [Sexual and Gender-Based Violence] SGV Programme Monitoring and Evaluation

Author: B. Vann
Publisher: Health and Community Development Section
Publication Date: Apr 2000
Programmes that tackle sexual and gender-based violence (SGV) in refugee settings need to take into account a number of issues and problems unique to this context. Some of the main problems arise from the need to bring together many diverse actors who will work on the same case, such as mental and physical health care workers, the police, government workers and legal advisers/officers. Multi-sectoral activities include prevention and response, community awareness campaigns, counselling and advocacy services, health care, protection and police training. This 'How to Guide' shows how an SGV project in a refugee camp in Tanzania undertook a monitoring exercise of its activities. First, the guide presents its own project evaluation, including an analysis of roles, responsibilities and inter-sectoral collaboration. The evaluation resulted in recommendations, which included standardisation of documentation and development of better coordination mechanisms between different service providers and officials. The guide provides advice on how to better evaluate and monitor a project. For example, it shows means of documenting project outcomes in 'outcome-indicator grids'.

Factors that hindered effective monitoring and evaluation of the SGV programme included the following:
? confusion of roles within a multi-sectoral project, which includes health workers, community workers, the police and legal support workers;
? problems of sharing information where there were significant inconsistencies in the definitions of SGV and the counting of incidents - a good deal of information was therefore collected but could not be used for monitoring because it could not be categorised; and
? some terms and definitions used by health sector workers did not reflect the laws of the country. For example, it is important for workers to know that some incidents described as sexual/gender-based violence are not technically against the law in Tanzania.

The manual shows the need for development of guidelines for all actors involved in a programme, including explanations of roles and instruction on how these roles may be coordinated. Standardised guides and referral manuals also need to be developed for each individual sector to clarify procedures.

A number of measures would help to achieve these goals:
? standardisation of definitions around SGV such as 'abduction', 'rape' and 'domestic violence' and standard methods of counting to facilitate monitoring;
? clear routes and procedures to refer cases between health care workers, community services and the police;
? standardised documentation, for example a single 'Incident Report Form';
? sharing of progress reports and feedback among all actors including the refugee community to ensure inclusion of all in monitoring and evaluation and programme development.