BRIDGE Report 63: Gender and Monitoring: A Review of Practical Experiences
Publisher: Institute of Development Studies UK
Publication Date: Jun 2001
The mechanisms used to monitor and evaluate development programmes, projects and policies have so far been largely gender blind. However the differential impacts of development initiatives on women and men can only be identified if monitoring and evaluation mechanisms are sensitive to gender. This enables crucial adjustment of programmes and policies to fit and respond to gender needs and to ensure that intentions in planning and policy are met. This paper first defines monitoring and evaluation (M&E), goes on to look at how indicators can be made gender-sensitive, who should be involved in this process, and when they should be used during the project cycle. Case studies are included of implementation of gender monitoring at different levels. Recommendations are offered such as: indicators must be both qualitative and quantitative and take account of contextual factors; there is a need for participation of women and men in the target group in M&E processes; and Gender-disaggregated indicators are necessary, but not sufficient. They must be complemented by qualitative analysis and baseline data in order to track changes of gender relations.