Global Resources

Determinant factors affecting women social enterprise performances in Sokoto State, Nigeria: a pilot study

Author: U. O. Balogun, U. S. Bustamam, F. B. Johari
Publisher: Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Publication Date: May 2016

While there has been enormous amount of research on factors influencing women social enterprises around the world, most has been conducted in relatively stable, developed economic environments. To date, there has been little in the way of research aimed at addressing issues related to performance of women social enterprise in Sokoto state, Nigeria. To fill this knowledge gap, this study, published in the Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, presents the results of a pilot study focused on the performance of women social enterprise development in the state.


The study begins with a brief literature review, highlighting previously noted factors thought to influence the success or failure of women’s social enterprises. Based on this prior research, the study focuses on six key variables: human capital, social norms, religion, networking, finance, and demography, all of which have been found to influence the performance of women entrepreneurs in various studies around the world.


In total, 40 questionnaires were given to women entrepreneurs, of which 30 were completed and returned, with ‘performance’ measured by four factors: number of employees, profitability, gross revenue, and income. The data received indicated that all six variables taken into consideration for the purpose of this study have good internal consistency, meaning that they were shown to have a statistically significant bearing on the performance of woman-run small and medium enterprises. Whilst the data-set was too small for a full factor analysis to be conducted, it is hoped by the authors that the information garnered via this pilot will help inform a larger scale study in the near future.