Global Resources

Gender mainstreaming toolkit for water and sanitation actors: gender mainstreaming in the project cycle and within institutions

Publisher: UN-HABITAT
Publication Date: Jan 2008

This publication is a step towards strengthening the institutional and individual capacity to undertake gender mainstreaming in the water and sanitation programmes. It is in cognizance of the water sector commitment to implement gender-sensitive WATSAN management practices, and urgent need for capacity to realize this commitment. It is a practical guideline on how to mainstream gender and vulnerability concerns into institutional and programme/project development. It can also be used for conducting gender analysis. It contains the correct questions that need to be considered in determining the implications of the sector activities for women and men, girls and boys. 

The toolkit is prepared with a broader intention of helping water and sanitation sector actors across the board who are intending to integrate gender in their day to day activities. It has drawn much experience from the work of the UNHABITAT in water and sanitation but has also incorporated a wide range of other sector actors’ experiences including that of Gender and Water Alliance. has greatly contributed to given their valuable contribution to the gender mainstreaming in the water and sanitation sector globally. The toolkit has been simplified to ensure easy use by staff in program management, technical work and monitoring and evaluation among others. 

The toolkit provices nuemrous case studies illustrating the need for gender mainstreaming. For instance, in the survey of low-income neighbourhoods, and in interviews with an average of 400 poor women in Longwa, Gwarandok and Fudawa, in Jos, Nigeria, 52 percent of the women said they were never consulted about the siting of the water standpoints; 70 percent of women showed readiness to acquire skills for water harvesting, drip irrigation, and forestation should these be available; and in most projects, women were not consulted on decisions concerning the site, budget, or formulation of the scheme, and its operation and maintenance.