Gender-responsive budgeting in education
The paper uses three categories of GRB to discuss how education budgets in different countries have tried to promote gender equality. These categories are:
- gender-targeted expenditures: for example, special scholarships for girls
- staff-related employment-equity expenditures: for example spending on training for female teachers' career development
- mainstream expenditures: for example spending on compulsory education and the provision of early childhood education.
The paper concludes with some recommendations:
- support free education programmes
- mainstream gender equality within other programmes
- assess the sustainability of GRB initiatives before offering full support
- consider the balance of spending between tertiary, secondary and primary education.
- explore opportunities to work with parliamentarians based on a gender-budgeting exercise for education
- work with employees in the education sector to examine gender equity
- support local organisations in their own GRB initiatives
- link free primary education campaigns with wider initiatives.
[adapted from author]