Global Resources

Fuel provision and gender-based violence: fuel-efficiency as a prevention strategy

Author: S. Ziebell
Publisher: United Nations Development Fund for Women
Publication Date: Jan 2005
This document provides a summary of literature which explores links between women's roles in the provision of fuel for the household, and their vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV) in displaced settings. It surveys and summarises international guidelines and principles on fuel provision and GBV. The document reviews two case studies from Kenya and Sudan, and highlights lessons which can be learned from these. The desk review identifies obstacles in this area and key gaps in knowledge on fuel-related issues for displaced people, particularly women. These include:
- Specific literature on fuel provision focuses on environmental impact and not on security
- The causes of GBV and vulnerabilities to such violence in the context of displacement are poorly understood
- Direct fuel provision has been unsustainable and costly
- There has been lack of coordination in the provision of fuel alternatives.

It also recommends the following strategies as sustainable means to address the link between GBV and fuel provision:
- Developing firewood conservation protocols.
- Increasing the use of policing strategies.
- Using confidence building and rule of law training in GBV as a response strategy.
- Fostering collaboration between local research capacities, community organizations and national institutions.