Gender Analysis Based on a Theoretical Hypothesis on Methods for Mainstreaming Urban Poverty Measurements
Publication Date: Jan 2004
Mainstream urban poverty measurements make a basic theoretical assumption: 'equal distribution of poverty in the family', or 'equal grading of the consumption of basic living resources in the family'. This paper puts forth its research hypothesis using data from poor families in a sub-district of Wuhan municipality, Hubei province: gender stratification exists in the distribution of poverty in the family. This sample survey covered 182 adults. The results show that within the scope of the investigation, there exists grading distinctions by gender with regard to the consumption of scarce foods, clothes, sex specific use articles and vocational training opportunities. Women are in the disadvantageous position. The authors propose that a gender perspective be included in the methods of measuring poverty.