Global Resources

Negotiating the Economics of the PRSs: A Reference Guide for the Non-economist. DAC Network on Gender Equality

Author: K. Schneider
Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publication Date: Jan 2003
The Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) process has opened up new opportunities for the wider participation of civil society in economic planning. Yet macroeconomic and structural policies continue to be negotiated predominantly between national governments and the World Bank and/or the International Monetary Fund (IMF), with little participation by civil society, especially gender specialists. This reference guide is intended to strengthen the ability of non-economists to engage in the PRS process. Part one outlines strategies to increase women's influence in economic planning processes. Recommendations include:
?Lobby for more women in decision making positions;
?Direct advocacy efforts towards the PRS drafting team which is usually a small team, lacking expertise in gender;
?Build the capacity of gender specialists to engage with economic decision makers by developing their understanding of the basics of economic policy making, tools and concepts.
Part two describes the macroeconomic framework of PRSs, and provides a list of guiding questions designed to elicit the gender-specific impact of macroeconomic and structural policies. For example, do the saving rates of women and men differ? Do consumption and investment patterns of women and men differ? In what ways will women and men be affected differently by macroeconomic policies? The final section provides an introduction to the tools which can be used to integrate gender considerations into macroeconomic and structural policies, such as gender responsive budgeting, and poverty and social impact analysis (PSIA).