M?ori Women: Mapping Inequalities and Pointing Ways Forward
Publication Date: Jan 2001
How do M?ori women fare in comparison to M?ori men, non-M?ori women and non-M?ori men? This report maps these inequalities across six sectors: education, employment, income, health, housing, and criminal justice. In addition, it seeks to analyse the status of M?ori women and girls relative to other groups, and in relation to the New Zealand Government's goals for women. The report also identifies agreed actions across the Ministries and highlights the further work that is required to redress the inequalities faced by M?ori women. For example, low-income M?ori women experience particular difficulties in relation to housing, being more reliant on rental, temporary and sometimes crowded accommodation. To redress this, Housing New Zealand Limited has pledged to improve M?ori women's access to affordable, quality and safe housing. There is also a significant gender gap when it comes to income. The Department of Labour is developing options for improving the analysis and reporting on initiatives to close the gender pay gap, with particular attention to factors that have the strongest impact on M?ori women such as occupational segregation. Evidence shows that deprivation in one area flows into deprivation in other areas. Given this, it is recommended that the Government takes an intersectoral approach - one that analyses impacts and links policy initiatives across sectors. In turn, M?ori women need to be consulted on the development of a Women's Strategy by the Ministry of Women's Affairs, in accordance with the Treaty of Waitangi (an agreement between the M?ori people and the New Zealand Government, first signed in 1840).