World Bank and Inter-American Development Bank: Haiti Post-Earthquake Track Record on Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher: Gender Action
Publication Date: Jan 2010
This Gender Action report on two of Haiti’s largest and most influential donors and policy advisors, the World Bank and Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), takes a look at their post-earthquake grants in Haiti. Contrary to both banks’ gender policy requirements, the majority of World Bank and IDB post-earthquake grants to Haiti are not explicitly gender sensitive, or focus on the role of women. Since the 2010 earthquake, World Bank has given seven grants and the IDB has approved 44 grants. This report addresses their failure to help the poor Haitian farmers (mostly women), prevent gender-based violence, and target more gender-inclusive development activities. For example, the Rural Community Driven Development Project (established in mid-October 2010) was at the time of this report the only approved World Bank post-earthquake investment to cite a gender assessment and have a rural focus. Gender Action discovered that, among other things, this project had a disproportionately higher percentage of men involved in community decision-making processes. This document recommends that the World Bank and IDB investments routinely and systematically involve Haitian women’s groups and grassroots social movements in all project stages; not privatise agricultural production (which benefits transnational corporations at the expense of poor, mostly female, farmers); and that the US Treasury Department authorise US members of these banks’ Boards of Directors to mandate the inclusion of comprehensive gender assessments and quotas for the full participation of women in Haitian redevelopment projects. Gender Action, a Washington DC-based organisation, was established in 2002. Its purpose is to promote equal gender participation and women’s rights in all International Financial Institutions, including the World Bank’s, investments.