Factsheet: The Philippines
Publisher: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
Publication Date: Sep 2011
This fact sheet by UN Women presents an overview of the situation women currently face in the Philippines, as well as the various ways in which UN Women has been supporting governments and civil society. Five themes are summarised in their assessment of gender issues in the Philippines: • Legal frameworks for gender equality – Laws regarding indigenous rights, trafficking, and violence against women have been introduced over the last 15 years, as well as the landmark Republic Act 9710 (2009); known as the 'Magna Carta for Women', it represents a comprehensive anti-discrimination and gender equality law based on CEDAW principles. • Poverty – Overall the poverty rate has decreased, although some regions such as the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (AARM) are still deeply affected by such issues as high mortality, human trafficking and discrimination. • Migration – A source country for migrants, women form the majority of the estimated 8.6 million people working abroad (predominantly domestic helpers and caregivers). • Violence against women – High violence rates are attributed to entrenched patriarchal attitudes and imbalanced power relationships. The Philippines are regarded as a source country for human trafficking. • Women in conflict situations – The decades-long conflict within the AARM has caused widespread civilian displacement and insecurity and exacerbated the already extremely high levels of poverty. Examples of the work of UN Women in the Philippines include institutional capacity building within government; pilot initiatives to promote gender-responsive governance and the empowerment of women; a pilot investment scheme for on-site and returning migrants; and the ongoing support of the implementation and monitoring of the Philippines' National Action Plan on Security Council Resolution 1325.