Global Resources

2014 Trafficking in Persons Report - Nigeria

Publisher: US Department of State
Publication Date: Jun 2014

Nigeria is a popular source, transit, and destination country for women and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking. Nigerian trafficking victims are recruited from rural and, to a lesser extent, urban areas within the country; women and girls for are trafficked for domestic servitude and sex, and boys for forced labour in street vending, domestic service, mining, stone quarrying, agriculture, and begging.

Nigerian traffickers tend to rely on threats of voodoo curses to control Nigerian victims and force them into situations of prostitution or labour in countries across Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The European Police Organization (EUROPOL) has since identified Nigerian organised crime related to trafficking in persons as one of the largest law enforcement challenges to European governments.

In this 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report, it is noted that one of the biggest challenges to ending these practices is the fact that the Government of Nigeria does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. Nevertheless, they are making significant efforts to do so. During this reporting period, the government demonstrated an increase in anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts by increasing the number of trafficking investigations, prosecutions and convictions; and by providing extensive, specialised anti-trafficking training to officials from various government ministries and agencies.

To aid these efforts, this report recommends that the Nigerian government swiftly passes the draft anti-trafficking bill that will give prosecutors more authority to crack down on the criminal groups. It is also recommended that a comprehensive programme be initiated to fully integrate anti-trafficking programmes within the Nigerian Police Force.